Tracker Detail

NetChoice, LLC v. Bonta

Return to policy tracker

Date Initiated
Last Updated


NetChoice filed suit against California Attorney General Robert Bonta, arguing that the California Age-Appropriate Design Code Act (AB-2273) violates the First and Fourth Amendments, the Dormant Commerce Clause, and the Due Process Clause and is too vague.


September 18, 2023. US District Court for the Northern District of California Judge Beth L. Freeman granted a preliminary injunction in favor of NetChoice on the grounds that the Act violates the First Amendment.

October 18, 2023. Attorney General Bonta files a notice of appeal to overturn the preliminary injunction.

December 13, 2023. Attorney General Bonta files the state's opening brief in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals challenging the district court's decision.

Feb. 7, 2024. NetChoice files the plaintiff-appellee’s answering brief.

March 14, 2024. Attorney General Bonta files the state’s reply brief.

Further reading