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Protecting Americans From Foreign Adversary Controlled Applications Act - H.R. 7521

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The bill was introduced to the House Energy and Commerce Committee by Reps. Mike Gallagher (R-WI) and Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-IL), top lawmakers on the House Select Committee on the Chinese Communist Party. It would force TikTok’s China-based parent company, ByteDance, to divest from China within six months or face a ban from app stores in the US.

The bill’s stated aim is to “protect the national security of the United States from the threat posed by foreign adversary controlled applications, such as TikTok” or any other product developed or provided by ByteDance. The Energy and Commerce Committee argues that the bipartisan legislation would prevent foreign adversaries, like the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), from “targeting, surveilling, and manipulating the American people through applications, like TikTok.”


March 7, 2024. The bill advances unanimously out of committee, 50-0.

March 13, 2024. The US House of Representatives takes the bill up for a floor vote. After 40 minutes of debate, the bill is overwhelmingly passed by voice vote, meeting the required two-thirds majority threshold with a 352 to 65 vote.

April 20, 2024. The bill was attached to a national security and foreign aid spending bill that includes funding for Ukraine and Israel. The bill's language was amended to give ByteDance up to a year to sell its stake in TikTok. It passes the House of Representatives by a vote of 360 to 58.

April 23, 2024. The bill passes the Senate as H.R.815. It is signed by the President on April 24, 2024.

May 7, 2024. TikTok files a complaint in federal court challenging the constitutionality of the law.

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